Machado, Joséf Rafael

Birth Name Machado, Joséf Rafael
Gender male


Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 1826-11-26 Old Town, San Diego, Alta California, USA Birth of Machado, Josef  
Event Note

Born at the Presidio San Diego, Pueblo de San Diego, Old San Diego, Alta Ca.

Christening 1826-11-28 Mission San Diego, San Diego, Alta California, New Spain Christening of Machado, Josef  
Event Note

Christened at Mission San Diego de Alcala, San Diego, Alta California. Godparents: Victoria Dominguez & Jose Antonio Estuillo (Married).

Residence 1860      
Event Note

Resided at Agua Caliente, San Diego, California, USA in the 1860 census

Birth 1856   Birth of Machado, Joséf Rafael  


Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father Machado, José Manuel Jr.1781-11-281852-10-18
Mother Valdez, María Sarafina delaLuz17881861-03-12
    Sister     Machado, Juana 1814-03-08 1901-12-24
    Brother     Machado, Juan
         Machado, Joséf Rafael 1826-11-26


Family of Machado, Joséf Rafael and Osuna, Maria Presentacion de la Alta Gracia

Married Wife Osuna, Maria Presentacion de la Alta Gracia ( * + ... )
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage 1850-04-24 Mission San Diego, San Diego, Alta California, New Spain Marriage of Machado, Josef and Maria  

Family of Machado, Joséf Rafael and Alipáz, Bersabé

Married Wife Alipáz, Bersabé ( * 1850-07-00 + 1900-07-15 )
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage 1868-11-07   Marriage of Machado, Joséf and Bersabé  
Name Birth Date Death Date
Machado, Joe
Machado, Larry
Machado, Tony
Machado, Rose
Machado, Kathleen1884-04-301920-03-04


Pauma Massacre

According to the memoirs of Juana Machado Alipas de Wrightington her young brother Rafael Machado was at the Pauma Massacre, but managed to escape the Indians. He also acted as guide to Captain Archibald Gillespie when Gillespie sought to join General Stephen Kearny. He seems to have taken no position in the Mexican-American War and at times stayed with each side. Rafael Machado married Bersabé Alipas in 1868. Their daughter, Margarita, is buried in El Campo Santo Cemetery.

The Pauma Massacre occurred in December 1846, north of Escondido, California.

December 1846 , North of Escondido, California

The Pauma Massacre occurred in December 1846, north of Escondido, California.

After the Battle of San Pasqual, the Californio lancers broke up into different groups. A group of twelve men travelled to Rancho Pauma owned by Jose Antonio Serrano. The men stole a herd of fine horses belonging to the Luiseno Indians of the Pauma band. After arriving, Serrano, his fourteen year old son Jesus, and his brother-in-law, Jose Aguilar went to Pala where Serrano's wife and other children were staying. Before leaving, Serrano apparently overheard two Indian women discussing a plot to capture the Californios.

In the evening Chief Manuelito Cota of the Pauma tribe took a group of men to the Pauma ranch. The chief knocked on the door and introduced himself. The Californios knew the chief and they had peaceful relations with him. When the Californios opened the door, the chief and his men captured the men and took them prisoner. The prisoners were taken to El Potrero, an Indian racherias, for the night. The next day they were taken to Aqua Caliente now known as Warner Springs. Chief Manuel called the area tribes together for a general tribal council to decide the fate of the horse thieves. Most tribal leaders felt the prisoners should be scared and then released. However, William Marshall, a local American, entered the debate. He swayed the vote in favor of executing the prisoners. In the end the tribal leaders agreed that the Californios should be tortured and killed for their crimes against the Pauma Indians. When the Californios witnessed the first execution, the men wept and begged for their lives. Santos Alipas, thirteen years old, stood up and declared, "What's the use of crying? We can only die once; let us die like brave men." The Indians were impressed with Santos' bravery. They gave him a choice on how he wanted to die. The boy asked to be shot. He was immediately shot through the forehead.

When word of the Massacre reached Mexican forces in Los Angeles, José del Carmen Lugo was placed in charge of a group of Mexican soldiers to avenge the men's deaths. The Temecula Massacre was Mexico's bloody revenge on the Indian tribes.

The list of victims
1. Manuel Serrano
2. Ramon Aguilar
3. Francisco Basualdo
4. José María Alvarado
5. Mariano Dominguez
6. Santiago Osuna
7. Jose Lopez
8. Estaquio Ruiz
9. Juan de la Cruz
10. Unnamed New Mexican
11. Santos Alipas

According to Herbert Lockwood, Bill Marshall at one time was in love with Senorita Osuna. She told Marshall to keep his attentions to himself. She was going to marry José María Alvarado. Marshall was heartbroken and angry. He moved to Warner's ranch and was hired as a foreman. He married an Indian lady and was accepted as an unofficial member of the Cupeno tribe. When he saw Alvarado among the prisoners, he saw an opportunity to take his revenge.
Some historians feel that Marshall had no part in the Pauma Massacre.